Project Management IS Strategy: How Linking Project Management and Strategic Management Increases Competitiveness
The field of change management has as its basis theoretical models for leading,implementing, and managing change. Such models tend to agree that organizations need to be readied for change, changed, and then reach a state
whereupon change becomes institutionalized. The practice of change management,however, has been known to deviate from theory when the attempt is made to actually implement it. Theoretical change models may minimize the importance of the unique contexts in which change is implemented. Further, other topics such as the role of project management techniques in
organizational change management (OCM), the effectiveness of organizational preparation and communication, as well as specific techniques that arise empirically in practical change efforts may be overlooked. This chapter examines change management as a practice and provides recommendations for the advancement of OCM practices. The examination of OCM field practice as described in the literature is expected to complement as well as advance the theoretical basis of the OCM discipline.